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Pennatula phosphorea Linnaeus, 1758

Phosphorescent sea pen

Pennatula phosphorea

Oban, Scotland, 16 meters, 2008, MV

Description

Pennatula phosphorea is a sea pen forming erect colonies of up to 40 cm tall. Swollen with water, they are fleshy and slightly bent over the surface. The bulbous stalk embedded in sediments is only visible in its upper part. Above the surface, a 25 cm tall rachis have numerous alternate opposite branches on each side of the central axis. They are triangular in cross-section in a leaf-like shape. Each branch has about fifteen autozooids regularly spaced, opening on the ventral side of the colony. Tiny siphonozooids are laid on each side of the central axis, in broad rows on the dorsal side, in narrower lines and extending a little between the branches on the ventral side. Colonies are retractile and may withdraw within the sediment or be more or less swollen above the surface. They are yellowish to pale pink with reddish shades due to deep blood-red sclerites concentration. When stimulated, the colony has a blue-green luminescence..

Distribution

Pennatula phosphorea is found in muddy and sandy bottoms from 10 to at least 100 meters deep, in the North-East Atlantic, the North Sea and probably the English Channel and in the Mediterranean Sea.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Pennatula phosphorea Linnaeus, 1758 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-11-29.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Cnidaria (Phylum)
Anthozoa (Class)
Octocorallia (Subclass)
Pennatulacea (Order)
Subselliflorae (Suborder)
Pennatulidae (Family)
Pennatula (Genus)
Pennatula phosphorea (Species)

Page glossary

Colony : group of several individuals of the same species. There, the colony has several individuals, the polyps, but the whole colony is considered as the animal.

Polyps : within these colonial animals, the polyp is the individual.

Rachis : upper part of the Pennatulacea bearing polyps.

Autozooids : specialized polyps in charge of catching food.

Siphonozooids : specialized polyps without tentacles in charge of driving water into the colony.

Sclerites : tiny calcareous elements forming a loose squeletal frame.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat, Anne Bay-Nouailhat © 2008 - 2020.

Photos : © Mat Vestjens. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Pennatula phosphorea Linnaeus, 1758 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-11-29.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat W., Bay-Nouailhat A., August 2008, Description of Pennatula phosphorea, [On line] http://www.european-marine-life.org/05/pennatula-phosphorea.php, consulted on 2020 November 29.

Authors

Photographie de Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Diver - Naturalist
Underwater Photographer

Photographie de Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Project manager in marine environment
Professional diver - Naturalist

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